A common phenomenon among people of different ages and professional affiliations when the back hurts in the lower back. Hypotension in contrast to excessive loads in the gym, drafts, poor posture - all this gives rise to unpleasant, painful sensations in the lumbar region.
When is an anesthetic enough to fix the problem, and at what point do you need urgent medical intervention. You need to remember the following: if the lower back constantly hurts, this is a serious reason to consult a specialist.
Why does the lower back hurt
The causes of pain in the lumbar region can be either similar in men and women, or have their own specifics associated with both anatomical features and professional activities and lifestyle.
- A stiff lower back in the morning after sleep can be the result of both a poor-quality bed and indicate problems with the spine.
- If the lower back hurts a lot, it is possible to infringe on nerve endings, develop a herniated disc, osteochondrosis.
- When you stand for a long time, a static load acts on the lumbar region. The lumbar muscles come into a state of hypertonicity and can disrupt the innervation of nerve endings.
- When you sit, your lower back hurts due to incorrect posture. Many sitting at the table occupy an uncomfortable position of the body, which also leads to overstrain of the muscular corset and infringement of nerve endings.
- When the lower back hurts and pulls the legs, the symptoms may indicate an infringement of the nerve endings in the pelvic area. Often the infringement occurs in the coccyx area, when it hurts below the waist, then the pain is reflected in the lower extremities.
- If the back hurts above the waist, then most likely the matter is in the infringement of the nerve fibers in the lumbar region, or the problem comes from the internal organs.
- The situation when the lower back hurts from the side, the feeling is like pulling and the temperature rises, then here we are talking about progressive inflammation in the internal organs.
To identify the cause of pain in the lumbar region, you should undergo a thorough medical examination and take tests that will show if there are inflammatory processes, infringement of nerve endings, or if there is a hernia. Only after the diagnosis has been clarified can measures be taken to eliminate the disease.
Lower back pain in women
The weaker sex is especially prone to lumbar pain. The reasons why modern women have back pain in the lower back can be associated with both professional activities and the presence of diseases.
Soreness after running can develop due to improperly selected shoes without a high-quality shock absorber, when heel strikes on the ground without softening are transmitted to the lumbar region. The lower back hurts after walking while wearing very high heels, which not only upset the balance, but also cause the woman to strongly arch the spine, placing additional stress on the lumbar region.
Soreness when walking may not be the result of lower back disease, but problems with the hip joints, which are subjected to excessive friction during exercise. Anxiety at night can cause an uncomfortable mattress for a girl in bed.
If pain is felt on the right or left, closer to the periphery, this indicates a greater likelihood of disease of the internal organs. A troubling coccyx can be a symptom of injury or strangulation.
Whatever the cause is, only a qualified specialist will prescribe adequate treatment.
Lower back pain before period
The reasons why women and girls may have lower back pain or pull on the lower abdomen before the onset of menstruation have a very extensive etiology. This can be both a consequence of changes in the hormonal background, and symptoms of a whole range of diseases.
- Infections and the consequence of hypothermia;
- Incorrect installation of the intrauterine device;
- Anomalies in the location of the uterus or ectopic pregnancy;
- Cysts, fibroids, endometriosis.
Given the extensiveness of the list, a woman with disturbing symptoms must consult a doctor and establish the cause of regular malaise.
Why does the lower back hurt during menstruation?
Soreness in the lumbar region during menstruation is often considered the norm, because there is a serious hormonal surge, a large amount of blood flows to the pelvic organs and, increasing, they can put pressure on the nerve endings. The pain subsides as soon as the main outflow occurs.
However, some women continue to feel unwell after menstruation. If such a manifestation is atypical, then it is worth considering this as a signal of a possible pathology.
Can the lower back hurt in the absence of visible causes in the form of infectious, diseases and the development of pathological processes? Maybe if the anatomical structure of the uterus is such that it deviates back. In this position, swelling during menstruation, it will put pressure on adjacent organs and nerve endings, which will cause pain in the lumbar region. A prolapse of the uterus caused by regular weight lifting can also provoke a similar symptom.
If a woman has pain in her stomach and lower back, it is strongly recommended to visit a gynecologist to identify the cause of such an ailment. Symptoms may indicate the development of polycystic disease, inflammation of the appendages, endometriosis, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. The cause may be a poorly installed intrauterine device or the opposite case - the development of an ectopic pregnancy.
Lower back pain during pregnancy
A common complaint of women during pregnancy is an indication of back pain. There can be quite a few reasons why pregnant women experience lower back pain, given that the body is undergoing major restructuring, weight gain, and imbalance due to an enlarged belly.
In the early stages of pregnancy, pulling discomfort can begin from the moment the fertilized egg strengthens to the walls of the uterus. After childbirth, pregnant women are prone to diseases of the urogenital area - cystitis and pyelonephritis, which can also be reflected in pain in this area.
Why a pregnant woman may begin to feel great discomfort in the second trimester. This is due to the active growth of the fetus and an increase in the volume of the abdomen of the expectant mother - the internal organs begin to squeeze, including the nerve endings that pass in the pelvic area. A woman may experience radiating pain in the gluteal region or legs.
A woman can feel how her lower abdomen is pulled, in the last stages, when the baby's head begins to fall, the pain flows down the lower back to the sacrum. At 21 to 40 weeks of pregnancy, a woman may experience lower back pain due to an increase in the level of relaxin. This provokes the development of symphysiopathy - an inflammatory process in the pubic joint.
Lower back hurts and gives in the leg
A frequent occurrence in people after 35 years of age are complaints of pain in the lumbar region with a return to the leg or gluteal muscle. What can be associated with such a pathology? In some people, the pain radiates to the right leg, in others, the pain radiates to the left leg, although the lower back feels the same. Here the matter may lie in the fact that different nerve roots are pinched, because there are exits both on the right and on the left side of the vertebra.
Pain will shoot into the buttock and leg with osteochondrosis, scoliosis, herniated discs and a whole list of other diseases associated with damage to spinal cord neurons.
When pinched, the lower back hurts a lot. An awkward movement can lead to such a serious consequence that the pain syndrome will have to be removed with an injection. Since inflammation immediately develops due to injury, additional pressure is exerted on the nerve ending.
The problem will be solved after a course of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants, which will allow the patient to relax and relieve muscle tension in the affected area.
Also common causes of such irradiation can be neuralgia and more serious pathologies associated with neoplasms in the lumbar region, which will exert pressure or cause inflammation.
Why does the lower back hurt in men
The treatment of pain in the lumbar region in men is very often associated with advanced cases, because the representative of the stronger sex prefers to endure "until the spear in the back interferes with sleep. "That's when the pain becomes the cause of chronic lack of sleep, the man decides to go to the doctor.
Lower back pain in the case of a representative of the stronger sex may be associated with:
- With high physical activity - professional, sports;
- Problems with the spine due to physical inactivity, prolonged driving.
- Problems of internal organs - kidneys or prostate.
Treatment of the lower back at home for acute painful attacks will be ineffective, especially if folk remedies are used. Considering that men tend to start the disease, sometimes the pain has to be blocked with the help of injections of potent drugs - painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Back pain after sleep
Have you ever had lower back pain in the morning? Such a reaction of the body is quite understandable if the day before you overdo it in training or, having started a general cleaning, vigorously moved the furniture. If it's an injury, then you should definitely visit a doctor to make sure there are no serious consequences.
And if there were no injuries and you do not abuse sports, but after sleep you feel pain in the lower back. One of the causes of pain in the morning is developing osteochondrosis. With the developing pathology, the bones and parts of the spine become much more sensitive to the static position of the body at night. What will pass without consequences in a healthy person, for a patient with osteochondrosis, will cause a portion of acute painful sensations after waking up.
Also, pain can be caused by an abnormally overly curved spine in the supine position. This is due to the habit of sleeping lying on your back with your legs stretched out. The lumbar region receives an excessive load and by the morning you can get very overstrained muscles.
If the pain in the morning is chronic, you should be examined by a doctor, since this state of affairs can be a signal from the body about disorders, or a reaction to stress, illness or excess weight. It is very important to find out the reason.
How to understand whether the kidneys or lower back hurt
Soreness in the lumbar region can be caused both by problems from the spine and from the internal organs.
How to understand where the signal comes from? To determine what hurts - the kidneys or the lower back - you need to observe the localization. The spine, pinched nerve endings and spasmodic muscles are painfully felt closer to the central part of the back, to the axis of the spinal column. And if the kidneys hurt, it gives to the lower back closer to the periphery, to the side.
At the same time, pain in the spine can vary: it can be stronger in the morning, after waking up, and in the late afternoon at the end of the day. Pain from the internal organs is more permanent and may be accompanied by signs of inflammation - fever, vomiting.
In a simple way, we determine - the lower back or kidneys. If the pain is weaker with physical inactivity and disappears after rubbing with ointment, then this is the back. Pain from the internal organs will not give a debilitating reaction to the local application of warming ointments and will not allow you to relax, no matter what position you take.
Child has back pain
Low back pain in children is often caused by poor posture or a poor quality workplace. The appearance of pain does not have a clear relationship with age: it can hurt both a preschooler and a teenager. Why does the lower back hurt in childhood, a vertebrologist can say after a detailed examination.
- Muscle strain due to a heavy backpack or constant sitting at a table or computer - up to 80% of cases.
- The development of scoliosis requires rapid intervention, since the children's spine can be deformed very quickly.
- Injuries or bruises.
- Diseases of internal organs - 20% of applications.
If a child has a fever and lower back pain, then this can be a symptom of an extremely unpleasant disease of osteomyelitis. The pathological process of a purulent-necrotic nature affects the bone marrow and bones.
Which doctor to contact
When the lower back hurts and the need to visit a doctor is brewing, the patient wonders which doctor can help. Here everything will depend on the reasons that caused the pain.
For starters, it is recommended to visit a local therapist or general practitioner. To establish the source of the problem, you will need an examination, x-ray of the spine, ultrasound of the pelvis, general blood and urine tests.
After the examination, the therapist recommends which specialist you need to contact in order to continue treatment aimed at the cause. As such a specialist can be recommended:
- Neurologist - to examine the spine, back muscles and nerves.
- Urologist - if there are problems in the urogenital area.
- A gynecologist is a female specialist who will help identify the cause of pain in the female reproductive system.
Timely contact with a specialist will help eliminate the cause of lower back pain at the initial stage. Advanced cases can lead to serious consequences, which may result in including surgical intervention.
Exercises for back pain
When eliminating an attack of acute pain, the doctor after drug therapy in most cases prescribes exercise therapy, that is, exercise. Effective exercises help relieve tension from the muscle corset, strengthen it, eliminate spasms inside the fibers, which can cause pain.
The rehabilitation system prescribes to do all the exercises slowly, without sharp turns and lunges. If you do not follow this rule, you can get additional injuries.
Stretching exercises are recommended to relieve pain. For muscle fibers, such a load makes it possible to get rid of hypertonicity, the clamps are removed. An exercise focused on a problematic muscle group or spine. It enhances blood circulation in the problem area, enhances microcirculation in muscle and cartilage cells, contributing to increased nutrition and removal of decay products.
The necessary set of exercises is selected by the attending physician or a physiotherapist who will conduct exercise therapy classes. After the patient's task is to independently maintain and consolidate the result by doing exercises at home.
How to smear the lower back with pain
When the lower back begins to hurt, the first thought that arises is how to smear how to treat. You can’t grab the first creams and ointments that come across with the inscription "pain reliever". It is important to understand what caused the pain and only then apply the appropriate drug.
- If the pain is associated with osteochondrosis, pinched nerve endings, inflammation of the nerve roots, both NSAIDs and corticosteroids may be required.
- In case of hypothermia, to activate blood microcirculation in the muscles, warming ointments with an irritating effect are suitable.
- There are also homeopathic preparations and balms.
It must be remembered that ointments will not help if the cause of pain lies in the internal organs. If the pain is caused by diseases of the kidneys, organs of the female or male genitourinary system, then anesthetic ointments can lubricate the clinical picture, and warming ones can provoke an intensive development of inflammation.
That is why it is also necessary to use folk remedies only after consulting a doctor, so as not to aggravate your own condition with unjustified treatment.